E-Waste Management

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) System for E-waste Management System

EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY (EPR) SYSTEM FOR E-WASTE MANAGEMENT

Background

Singapore generates more than 60,000 tonnes of electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) each year, and the rate of e-waste generation is expected to increase in tandem with economic growth and the prevalence of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) among consumers and businesses. E-waste contains valuable resources that can be extracted through proper handling and treatment processes. It also contains small amounts of hazardous substances that may harm the environment and our health, if improperly disposed of. 

In view of the above, the National Environment Agency (NEA) is introducing a regulated e-waste management system that will ensure the proper collection and handling of e-waste and the extraction of valuable resources from e-waste. The regulated e-waste management system will also safeguard the environment and our health.

The regulated e-waste management system will be based on the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) approach, where producers bear the responsibility for the collection and treatment of their products when they reach end-of-life. This EPR system will be implemented through the Resource Sustainability Act (RSA), administered by the NEA. In addition, ALBA E-waste Smart Recycling Pte Ltd has been appointed as the Producer Responsibility Scheme (PRS) Operator for a period of five years, from 1 July 2021 to 30 June 2026, to collect regulated consumer electrical and electronic waste across Singapore for proper treatment and recycling on behalf of producers. For more information on ALBA's services, please visit ALBA's website.

E-waste Collection Avenues

Each of us can play our part in reducing the amount of e-waste generated and ensuring that e-waste is not thrown away as general waste but sent for proper treatment and recycling instead. The following e-waste collection avenues are available for us to conveniently dispose of our e-waste.

E-waste Collection Points

Find the E-waste Collection Points near you from the map below or the List of E-waste Collection Points. More locations will be added from 1 Jul 2021 onwards. You may dispose the following items at the various e-waste collection points:

  • ICT equipment (Printers, power banks, computers & laptops, mobile phones & tablets, network & set-top boxes, TVs & desktop monitors). Devices must be able to fit through a 500mm x 250mm slot
  • Batteries (AA, AAA, AAAA, D, C, 9-volt, Button Cell only) with battery circumference of no more than 50mm.
  • Light Bulbs with bulb circumference of no more than 100mm. Long fluorescent/LED tubes are not accepted.

E-waste Collection Drives and Doorstep Collection

Quarterly collection drives will be organised by ALBA in conjunction with Town Councils across Singapore to allow you to dispose of your e-waste. Bulky e-waste, which does not fit into the bins at e-waste collection points, will be accepted. For the schedule of upcoming quarterly collection drives, please visit ALBA's website on e-waste collection drives.

For added convenience in disposing of your e-waste, you may also engage ALBA for its doorstep collection services at a fee. For request for a collection of e-waste at your premises, please visit ALBA's website on doorstep collection.

You may dispose the following items at the e-waste collection drives:

  • ICT equipment (Printers, power banks, computers & laptops, mobile phones & tablets, network & set-top boxes, desktop monitors).
  • Large household appliances (Air-conditioners, dryers, refrigerators, televisions, washing machines)
  • Electric mobility devices (Personal mobility devices, power-assisted bicycles, electric mobility scooters).
  • Batteries (AA, AAA, AAAA, D, C, 9-volt, Button Cell, standalone rechargeable batteries, electric vehicle batteries).
  • Light Bulbs, long or circular fluorescent/LED tubes.

Other e-waste recycling programmes

For the locations of other e-waste recycing programmes offered by our industry partners, please visit Where to Recycle E-Waste.

Producers of Regulated Electrical and Electronic Products

A company is a Producer of a regulated electrical and electronic product if it:

  1. Carries on the business of supplying the regulated product in Singapore; and
  2. In the furtherance of that business:
    1. Imports the regulated product into Singapore; or
    2. Manufactures the regulated product in Singapore1; or
    3. Engages another person to manufacture the regulated product in Singapore, or otherwise causes such manufacture.

1However, the manufacturer of a regulated product may not be a Producer of the regulated product if the former manufactures the regulated product for or on behalf of a Singapore-connected person.

Producers are subject to the following obligations. Please refer to the Producer Guidelines for guidance.

Obligation

Applicable to which Producers

Description

Register with the NEA

All Producers

From 1 Jan 2020, all Producers of regulated products (Table A) must be registered with the NEA prior to supplying regulated products in Singapore. As such, Producers are advised to register with the NEA by 31 December 2019, through the registration form accessible via https://go.gov.sg/rsa-reg, or the QR code below.

More information on the registration process is available here. Instructions to perform the registration are provided here.

                          QR-Code

Registration is free.

Keep records on regulated products supplied

All Producers

From 1 Jan 2020, all Producers are to keep and maintain complete and accurate records of the weight and number of all regulated products supplied in Singapore.

The list of records that the NEA considers to be relevant to verifying the accuracy of the weight and number of regulated products supplied is shown here.

Submit records on regulated products to NEA

All Producers

From 2021, all Producers are to declare the weight of each type of regulated product supplied in Singapore for the previous calendar year, to the NEA.

Declarations are to be made on an annual basis, in the first quarter of every year. Instructions for making declarations will be given in due course.

Instructions to perform the declarations are provided here.

Being a member of the licensed Producer Responsibility Scheme

Producers of regulated consumer products

From 1 July 2021, a Producer of regulated consumer product(s) is to be a member of the licensed Producer Responsibility Scheme (PRS) and finance the PRS if the total amount of regulated consumer products under a particular class or sub-class of products supplied in Singapore exceeds the thresholds prescribed in the First Schedule of the Resource Sustainability (Prescribed Regulated Products) Regulations 2019.

Producer fees payable by obligated Producers and the fee structure can be viewed here.

Collection of unwanted products

Producers of regulated non-consumer products

From 1 July 2021, Producers of regulated non-consumer products are to collect unwanted regulated non-consumer products supplied by the company within a reasonable amount of time after:

  1. Being presented with the regulated non-consumer product(s); or
  2. Receiving a request for disposal of the regulated non-consumer product(s).

Producers must not demand or require any payment for the collection and disposal of the regulated non-consumer product(s).

Disposal of unwanted products

Producers of regulated non-consumer products

From 1 July 2021, collected products are to be disposed of through a licensed waste collector or licensed e-waste recycler. The list of licensed e-waste recyclers and licensed waste collectors is accessible here: https://go.gov.sg/licensed-recyclers.

Keep records on regulated non-consumer products collected and how they are managed

Producers of regulated non-consumer products

From 1 July 2021, Producers are to keep and maintain records of the weight and number of each type of regulated non-consumer product collected, sent for reuse, recycled and disposed of.

The list of records that the NEA considers to be relevant to verifying the accuracy of the weight and number of regulated products collected, sent for reuse, recycled and disposed of, is shown here.

Submit records on non-consumer products collected and how they are managed, to the NEA

Producers of regulated non-consumer products

From 1 Jan 2022, all Producers are to declare the weight of each type of regulated non-consumer product collected, as well as the weight of each type of product sent for reuse, recycling and/or disposal, over the previous calendar year.

Declarations are to be made on an annual basis, in the first quarter of every year. Instructions for making declarations will be given in due course.

List of Registered Producers

Companies registered as producers under the Resource Sustainability Act (RSA): Registered Producers

For enquiries and feedback related to the list of registered producers, please contact us at e-waste@nea.gov.sg

Regulated Electrical and Electronic Products

The five product classes regulated are below:

  1. Solar photovoltaic panels;
  2. Information and Communications Technology (ICT) equipment;
  3. Large appliances;
  4. Batteries; and
  5. Lamps.

The product types regulated under each product class are shown in Table A below.

Table A: Regulated Products

Product Class Product Type
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Equipment Printers
Computers
Laptops
Tablets
Desktop monitors
Servers
Routers
Modems
Wireless Access Points
Set-top Boxes
Network Hubs
Mobile Telephones
Large Appliances Refrigerators
Air-conditioners
Washing Machines
Dryers
Televisions
Personal Mobility Devices
Power Assisted Bicycles
Electric Mobility Scooters
Batteries Portable Batteries*
Industrial Batteries*
Hybrid Vehicles Batteries
Electric Vehicle Batteries
Lamps Lamps
Solar Photovoltaic Panels Solar Photovoltaic Panels
*Except portable batteries or industrial batteries that are supplied only in connection with supply of other products
(See Resource Sustainability (Exemption for Incidentally Supplied Batteries) Order 2019)

The products will be further classified as consumer or non-consumer products. Consumer products generally refer to products largely marketed to, and bought or used for private consumption (e.g. mobile phones and household appliances), and includes dual-use products that are supplied to both consumers and businesses. 

The definitions of each regulated product and criteria for distinguishing consumer products from non-consumer products, are shown in the Resource Sustainability (Prescribed Regulated Products) Regulations 2019

Producer Responsibility Scheme (PRS)

The NEA has awarded the licence to operate a Producer Responsibility Scheme (PRS) in Singapore to ALBA Group plc & Co. KG (ALBA). As the PRS Operator, ALBA will collect regulated consumer electrical and electronic waste across Singapore for proper treatment and recycling on behalf of producers, for a period of five years, from 1 July 2021 to 30 June 2026 by performing the following:

  1. Develop programmes to encourage the public to recycle e-waste;
  2. Provide a variety of e-waste collection avenues for e-waste recycling (e.g. e-waste receptacles in public areas, scheduled collection drives and ad-hoc door-step collection services);
  3. Collect and transport the e-waste to NEA-licensed e-waste recyclers; and
  4. Set up a data management system to track and report to NEA the amount of e-waste collected for treatment.
From 1 July 2021, a Producer of regulated consumer product(s) is to be a member of the licensed Producer Responsibility Scheme (PRS) and finance the PRS if the total amount of regulated consumer products under a particular class or sub-class of products supplied in Singapore exceeds the thresholds prescribed in the First Schedule of the Resource Sustainability (Prescribed Regulated Products) Regulations 2019.

Producer fees payable by obligated Producers and the fee structure can be viewed here.
Retailers of Regulated Electrical and Electronic Products

Retailers of regulated consumer products (i.e. those who carry on a business of supplying regulated products to consumers) are subject to the following obligations. Please refer to the Retailer Guidelines for guidance.

Obligation

Applicable to which Retailers

Description

Provide 1-for-1 take back of regulated consumer products

All Retailers of regulated consumer products

From 1 July 2021, all Retailers of regulated consumer products are to, during delivery of a product bought by a consumer provide a one-for-one take-back service of a product (of the same class or type as the supplied product) for disposal at no cost.

In-store collection of e-waste

Large Retailers of regulated consumer products with stores having floor area of more than or equal to 300 square metres

From 1 July 2021, Retailers will need to provide in-store collection of e-waste from consumers (same class or type of consumer product as that supplied at the retail store) at each store with a floor area of more than or equal to 300 square metres.

Retailers are to either present the e-waste to the NEA-appointed operator of the PRS, or deposit the waste at a place directed or designated by the PRS operator.

Licensed E-waste Recyclers

Licensed e-waste recyclers (i.e.  a person who is licensed under section 23(1) of the Environmental Public Health Act (Cap. 95) to operate a disposal facility that receives, stores, sorts, processes or treats electrical and electronic waste) are subject to the following obligations, as required by the the Resource Sustainability (E-waste Recyclers) Regulations 2021:

  1. Ensure the weight of materials recovered from regulated products meet the specified material recovery target.
  2. Take all reasonable steps to ensure:
    1. remove all specified pollutants from any electrical or electronic product (whether or not that product is a regulated product) that is processed or treated in a disposal facility the licensed e‑waste recycler operates; and
    2. process or treat the specified pollutants removed so as to prevent the specified pollutants from polluting the environment.
  3. Ensure that any regulated product received by the licensed e‑waste recycler in the course of operating one or more disposal facilities is not prepared for re‑use if the person from whom the regulated product was received gives notice, before or at the time the regulated product is received, that the regulated product must not be re-used.
  4. Ensure that all data stored in a data‑bearing device (e.g. ) that the licensed e‑waste recycler received for disposal, is permanently erased or destroyed before the licensed e‑waste recycler does or allows the (i) preparation for re-use, (ii) recycling, (iii) disposal or transfer to another e-waste recycler (whether within or outside Singapore) of the data‑bearing device.
  5. Must not transfer any regulated product to another e-waste recycler outside Singapore, i.e. foreign recycler, that process or treat that regulated product, unless the foreign recycler is able to ensure the weight of materials recovered from regulated products meet the specified material recovery target.
  6. Provide recycling reports on the flow of regulated e-waste on a quarterly basis, including the amount being prepared for reuse or repurposing.
Other Information

The RSA is accessible here: https://go.gov.sg/rsa

The Resource Sustainability Act factsheet provides information on the regulated e-waste management system and is accessible here: https://go.gov.sg/rsa-factsheet.

For the other subsidiary legislation under the RSA, please refer here: https://www.nea.gov.sg/corporate-functions/resources/legislation-international-law/legislation 

Should you have any queries, please do not hesitate to reach out to the NEA at e-waste@nea.gov.sg. Kindly provide your contact information along with your queries.