Mosquitoes can transmit diseases such as dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis. To prevent the transmission of these diseases, the mosquito population must be kept at bay. The most effective way to control the mosquito population is to prevent breeding.
Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water. Ground puddles, discarded containers, water storage containers, choked drains, roof gutters, infrequently used gully traps, and toilet bowls are some examples of mosquito breeding habitats.
By practising good and regular housekeeping – filling up ground depressions, disposing discarded containers properly, and clearing choked drains and roof gutters regularly – mosquito breeding can be minimised. For mosquito breeding habitats that cannot be permanently removed, a competent pest control operator should be engaged to look out for them, and to treat them with insecticides to prevent breeding.
Examples of scope of works for different types of premises can be found below: