The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows emission-reduction projects in non-Annex 1 Parties or developing countries under the UNFCCC to earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits, each equivalent to one tonne of CO2.
Read more on the CDM here.
Designated National Authority for CDM
The National Environment Agency (NEA) is Singapore’s Designated National Authority (DNA) for CDM projects. NEA will issue a Letter of Approval (LoA) for CDM projects that meet Singapore’s sustainable development criteria. The LoA supports the registration of the project by the UNFCCC CDM Executive Board (EB).
In the LoA application to the DNA, the project idea note (PIN) must be submitted together with the project design document (PDD) provided by the project developer to the designated operational entity (DOE) for validation. The PIN should demonstrate how the project meets Singapore’s sustainable development criteria.
The PIN format may be downloaded here [PDF, 27.7 KB].
Singapore's sustainable development criteria
The sustainable development criteria for Singapore are as follows:
- Environmental sustainability
- The project meets NEA’s Environmental Protection requirements, standards and regulations; and
- The project produces real and measurable reductions in GHG emissions.
- Economic sustainability
- The project utilises more efficient and/or environment-friendly technology than common industrial practice.
- Social sustainability
- The project helps improve the quality of life by creating opportunities for jobs, job enhancement, etc.
Project participants implementing CDM project activities, including programmatic CDM, commencing on or after 2 August 2008 must inform the DNA and the UNFCCC Secretariat in writing of the commencement of the project activity, and of their intention to seek CDM status, using a standardised form.
The CDM EB takes the issue of prior consideration of the CDM as a major element in assessing that the CDM benefits were considered necessary in the decision to carry out the project as a CDM project activity.
The form may be downloaded from the UNFCCC website here.
Registered CDM projects in Singapore
As of December 2018, Singapore has six registered CDM projects. Information on the six registered CDM projects can be found in the table below.
| Registered date|
Estimated Emission Reductions (tonnes CO2eq per annum)
18 Nov 08
Thermal energy recovery for new applications at 5 Sungei Kadut Street 6 by Bee Joo Industries Pte Ltd, Singapore
13 Sep 10
Dehydration and incineration of sewage sludge in Singapore
12 Dec 12
Kim Hock Biomass Energy and Wood Recycling Plant
31 Dec 12
Chew’s biogas plant for treatment of poultry waste and recovery of biogas for electricity generation in Singapore
5 Jun 14
Demand side energy efficiency measures in building lighting systems
14 Jul 14
Grid connected electricity generation plant using natural gas at Jurong Island in Singapore
Information for CDM project developers in Singapore
CDM consultants in Singapore [PDF, 23.39 KB]
Information on emission factors for CDM projects in Singapore [PDF, 99 KB]
For enquiries on the CDM and application to the Singapore DNA, please contact:
Lu Honghong Pitt Yu Zhe