Under Section 5(1)(a) and 6(1)(a) of the Radiation Protection Act, no person shall import into, or export out of, Singapore any irradiating apparatus or radioactive materials without a licence. Hence, a licence from NEA is required to import or export controlled irradiating apparatus and radioactive materials. The import or export licence is a one-use licence for the import or export of each consignment of controlled irradiating apparatus or radioactive materials. Any person who contravenes Section 5(1)(a) and 6(1)(a) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or to both.
Definitions of Import and Export
An import is defined by Singapore Customs as follows:
- Goods brought into customs territory (Singapore and territorial waters thereof but excluding any free trade zone (FTZ)) from an entry point or from a FTZ
- Overseas goods brought into a FTZ for storage and pending re-export
Hence all irradiating apparatus and radioactive materials that are hand carried into Singapore or consigned to a local address are defined as an import and the import licence is required.
An export is defined as goods that are taken out of customs territory (Singapore and territorial waters thereof but excluding any FTZ) to an exit point or to a FTZ. The exporter will be the party that issues the commercial invoice to his overseas customer. An export licence will be required for the following:
- Export of locally manufactured goods or local GST-paid goods
- Export of goods from the FTZ
- Re-export of goods imported under the Temporary Import Scheme
- Temporary export of goods intended to be re-imported
The import and export licences are applied by the declaring agent via Singapore Customs’ TradeNet portal (www.tradenet.gov.sg/tradenet/login.portal) under a Cargo Clearance Permit (CCP) declaration prior to shipment arrival or departure date, except for cases belonging to special circumstances. Please refer to this link How to Apply for Licence to Import or Export for more information on how to apply for a licence to import or export.
Controlled Irradiating Apparatus and Radioactive Materials
For information on the controlled irradiating apparatus and radioactive materials that require a licence, you may refer to Additional Licensing Information. Please note that the list is not exhaustive. Importers, exporters, declaring agents and freight forwarders should seek clarifications from NEA (NEA_RPNSD_TradeNet@nea.gov.sg) on whether an irradiating apparatus or radioactive material that is not included in the list requires a licence from NEA.
For the list of HS Code on the controlled irradiating apparatus and radioactive materials, please refer to the list of HS Codes here.
For import and export licence requirements for non-ionising irradiating apparatus, please refer to the extract of the Radiation Protection (Non-Ionising Radiation) Regulations below.
Radiation Protection (Non-Ionising Radiation) Regulations – Definitions
“N4A licence” means a licence to import any of the irradiating apparatus specified in Parts I, II and III of the First Schedule.
“N4B licence” means a licence to export any of the irradiating apparatus specified in Parts II and III of the First Schedule.
Radiation Protection (Non-Ionising Radiation) Regulations – First Schedule
CLASSIFICATION OF — IRRADIATING APPARATUS
The apparatus under this Part are ultraviolet sunlamps, microwave ovens, fetal heart monitoring doppler non-imaging ultrasound apparatus and any other industrial ultrasound apparatus with power output of not more than 1200 W, and any apparatus with any or combination of the above as part of the apparatus.
The apparatus under this Part are medical diagnostic imaging ultrasound and therapeutic ultrasound, industrial ultrasound apparatus with power output of 1200 W or more, and magnetic resonance imaging apparatus.
1. Subject to paragraph 2, an irradiating apparatus is specified in this Part if —
(a) the apparatus —
(i) contains a Class 3b laser or Class 4 laser; or
(ii) is an entertainment laser containing a Class 3b laser or Class 4 laser;
(b) the apparatus produces radiation that could lead to a person being exposed to radiation at levels in excess of the maximum permissible exposure values specified in IEC 60825-1:2014; and
(c) persons may be exposed to levels of radiation mentioned in sub-paragraph (b) —
(i) in the course of the intended operations or procedures of the apparatus;
(ii) during a reasonably foreseeable abnormal event involving the apparatus;
(iii) during a reasonably foreseeable single fault condition of the apparatus; or
(iv) when the protective barriers or access panels of the apparatus (being protective barriers or access panels that may be removed without the use of any specialised equipment) are removed.
2. The Director-General may declare, in any particular case, that an irradiating apparatus described in paragraph 1 is not an irradiating apparatus specified in this Part.